Risk factors for mitral valve stenosis include rheumatic fever. Since rheumatic fever rates are declining in the United States, the incidence of mitral stenosis is also decreasing. Only rarely do other disorders cause this condition.
- Chest discomfort
- Difficulty breathing
- Frequent respiratory infections
- Swelling of feet or ankles
- Cardiac Catheterization
- Mitral valve repair surgery corrects mitral valve insufficiency; the damaged valve is strengthened and shortened to help the valve close more tightly
- Mitral valve replacement surgery corrects both mitral stenosis and insufficiency
- Valve replacement with mechanical valves created from manmade materials, which require long-term blood thinning with warfarin medication
- Valve replacement with biological (tissue) valves
Please note: The skilled cardiologists at MedStar Harbor Hospital can diagnose and treat most heart conditions on site. Patients who need advanced diagnostic testing or heart surgery will be referred to MedStar Heart & Vascular Institute at MedStar Union Memorial Hospital, part of our MedStar family of providers, as appropriate.